From Kazakhstan Encyclopedia
Template:Infobox settlement Aktobe (Template:Lang-kz) is a region of Kazakhstan. The Aktobe regional capital is the city of Aktobe, with a population of more than 340,000. The region itself has a population 678,900. The name "Aktobe" comes from Kazakh "Ақ" (white) and "төбе" (hill); supposedly, Aktobe's initial settlers were able to see white mountains far to the north.
The area of the region is 300,600 square kilometers, making it the second largest region of Kazakhstan, after Karaganda Region. Aktobe Region borders Russia to the north and Uzbekistan to the south, and also borders six other Kazakh regions: the Atyrau Region to the west, the Mangystau Region to the south-west, the Karaganda Region to the east, the Kostanay Region to the north-east, the Kyzylorda Region to the south-east, and the West Kazakhstan Region to the north-west. The Ilek River, a tributary of the Ural River, flows through the region.
According to the national census of 2009, the area's population was 779,542 people - 407,217 women and 372,325 men. The majority, 614,961 (79%), are Kazakhs, unlike in other areas of the country. The populace also includes Russians, Tatars, Ukrainians, Germans, Koreans, Moldavians, Jews, Armenians, and Chechens.
- Alga District, with the administrative center in the town of Alga;
- Ayteke Bi District, the selo of Komsomol;
- Bayganin District, the selo of Karauilkeldy;
- Kargaly District, the settlement of Badamsha;
- Khromtau District, the town of Khromtau;
- Kobda District, the aul of Kobda;
- Martuk District, the selo of Martuk;
- Mugalzhar District, the town of Kandyagash;
- Oiyl District, the selo of Oiyl;
- Shalkar District, the town of Shalkar;
- Temir District, the town of Temir;
- Yrgyz District, the selo of Yrgyz.
* Eight localities in Aktobe Region have town status. These are Aktobe, Alga, Embi, Kandyagash, Khromtau, Shalkar, Temir, and Zhem.
* Two more localities - Shubarkuduk and Shubarshi - have status of urban-type settlement.
- Official Site (in Kazakh and Russian)